Polio
Polio[myelitis] (aka infantile paralysis) is an infectious disease, caused by the poliovirus. [faq]Polio, is that related to the fashion brand, Ralph Lauren? No, that's polo ;). Polio is an infection caused by...
Pregnancy ultrasound
Pregnancy ultrasound is the use of ultrasonography in pregnancy, where sound waves are used to create real-time visual images of the developing embryo/fetus in the mother's uterus/womb. Purpose Check for multiple fetuses Assess...
Abdominal pain
Abdominal pain (aka stomach pain) is pain in the abdomen. SNT is shorthand for soft non-tender. By frequency Undetermined cause (30%) Gastroenteritis (13%) Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) (8%) Urinary tract problems (5%) Gastritis (inflammation of the stomach) (5%) Constipation (5%) Gallbladder...
X-ray
X-ray is produced by an x-ray generator, and projected towards a body. The amount of x-ray absorbed is dependent on the particular density/composition of the tissue. The x-rays that pass through...
Body temperature
Body temperature (shorthand Temp) is measured by a thermometer. Pathophysiology It depends on a number of factors, including: Location of measurement, typically from highest to lowest, being internal (rectal, vaginal), oral, and then skin....
Cancer
Cancer (aka malignant tumor, malignant neoplasm) involves abnormal cell growth, with the potential to invade/spread to other parts of the body. [faq]What is a cancer? Or a malignancy? They mean the same thing....
Height
Height is the distance from the top of the head to the bottom of the feet whilst standing. Ht is shorthand for Height. Length (L) is used for infants reflecting that they cannot...
Probiotic
Probiotics contain microorganisms which claim to provide health benefits when consumed. The benefits of probiotics have not been substantiated by studies yet. MOA The dependence of intestinal microbes on food, makes it possible...
Carbon dioxide narcosis
Usually, the body relies on CO2 receptors to regulate breathing. Hypoxic drive is where the body uses oxygen chemoreceptors instead. It occurs in COPD Pt's where there are chronically high CO2...
Oxygen therapy
Oxygen therapy is the administration of O2 as an intervention, and can be used either in chronic or acute Pt care. [faq]What is oxygen therapy? It's where we give oxygen as an...
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