Beta-lactam
Beta-lactam is a class of antibiotics, that contain a beta-lactam ring. [faq]Beta lactam. What's that? How's that different from an alpha lactam? So beta lactams are named this way, because they have...
Ringworm
Ringworm (aka dermatophytosis, tinea) is caused by fungal infection of the skin. Sx It is called "ringworm" because the rash is circular, with a ring-like appearance Pathophysiology The dermatophytes (i.e. fungi that cause parasitic...
Lower limb examination
Lower limb examination assesses the neurological function of the lower limbs. LL is shorthand for Lower limb. Method Remember with the mnemonic “The Powerful Romans Conquered Spain”: REMEMBER to start- Walking: Assess gait, asking patient...
Choluria
Choluria is the presence of bile in urine. Sx Dark or brown urine, often referred to as the color of Coca-Cola Pathophysiology Usually manifested when serum bilirubin >1.5mg/dL Presence of chlouria is useful Sx to...
Newborn examination
Newborn examination is an exam done of newborn babies in accordance with a checklist. [youtube]787D5wz1Fpk[/youtube] [faq]What is a newborn exam? I'm guessing it's an exam you do on all newborns? Exactly! So it's...
Cerebral hemorrhage
Cerebral hemorrhage (aka cerebral hematoma, intracerebral hemorrhage, intra-axial hemorrhage) is a type of intracranial hemorrhage/hematoma that occurs intra-axial (i.e. within the brain tissue, cf outside of it). Sx Severe headache followed by...
SERM
SERM (selective estrogen receptor modulators) is a class that acts on the estrogen receptors. What distinguishes these from PURE ER agonists, is that their action is different in various tissue,...
Cerebral palsy
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of permanent movement disorders appearing in early childhood. [faq]What is cerebral palsy? It is damage made to the brain around the time of birth[/faq] Sx Varies between Pt's Often...
Lofgren syndrome
Lofgren syndrome is a type of acute sarcoidosis, frequent in Scandinavian, Irish, African, and Puerto Rican women. It involves enlargement of the hilar lymphadenopathy (lymph nodes near the inner border...
Tachycardia
Tachycardia (from Greek "tachy" meaning "rapid", and "kardia" meaning "heart", aka tachyarrhythmia) is HR>normal resting rate. [faq]What is tachycardia? It's a fast heart rate.[/faq] Dx Dependent on age, including: <3 days, >159bpm <7 days, >166bpm <4 weeks,...
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