Fecal impaction is a solid, immobile bulk of human feces, that an develop in the rectum due to chronic constipation. Fecal loading is large volume of stool in the rectum of...
Prenatal diagnosis and screening is the testing for diseases or conditions in a fetus or embryo before it is before.
It aims to detect birth defects e.g. neural tube defects, Down...
Heart failure (aka congestive cardiac failure, CCF) is where the heart is unable to provide sufficient pump to maintain blood flow needs of the body.
[faq]Heart failure, what is it? Is...
Calcium channel blocker
CCB's (calcium channel blockers) reduce blood pressure.
Disrupts movement of calcium through calcium channels, thereby:
Reducing force of contraction of the heart
Unlike beta blockers, CCB don't decrease responsiveness of heart to...
Williams syndrome (aka Williams-Beuren syndrome) is a neurodevelopmental disorder.
Distinctive, "elfin" facial appearance, w/ low nasal bridge
Unusually cheerful demeanor, and ease w/ strangers
Developmental delay coupled w/ strong language skills
Cardiovascular problems, e.g. supravalvular...
Bicornuate uterus (from Latin “cornu” meaning “horn”) is a heart-shaped uterus, which is a uterus composed of 2 horns separated by a septum.
A bicornuate uterus is a type of uterine...
RSV (Respiratory syncytial virus) is a virus causing RTI's, especially LRTI's, and hospitalization during infancy/childhood.
Many babies only get a slight cold from RSV
Can be more serious
Infection with RSV induces protective...
Head lice [infestation] (aka pediculosis capitis, nits, cooties) is the infection of the head hair and scalp by head louse (Pediculus humanus capitus).
Itching, from lice bites, is common
During a Pt's...
Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis
Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (from "lipo" meaning "fat") is a family of at least 8 genetically separate neurodegenerative disorders, that result from excessive accumulation of lipopigments (lipofuscin) in the body's tissues.
These lipopigments are...
Urinalysis (U/A, aka Routine and Microscopy, R&M) is an array of tests performed on urine.
Urine dipstick, which is composed of 10 different chemical pads which change color when immersed and then removed...