Fecal impaction
Fecal impaction is a solid, immobile bulk of human feces, that an develop in the rectum due to chronic constipation. Fecal loading is large volume of stool in the rectum of...
Prenatal diagnosis
Prenatal diagnosis and screening is the testing for diseases or conditions in a fetus or embryo before it is before. Purpose It aims to detect birth defects e.g. neural tube defects, Down...
Heart failure
Heart failure (aka congestive cardiac failure, CCF) is where the heart is unable to provide sufficient pump to maintain blood flow needs of the body. [faq]Heart failure, what is it? Is...
Calcium channel blocker
CCB's (calcium channel blockers) reduce blood pressure. MOA Disrupts movement of calcium through calcium channels, thereby: Reducing BP Slowing HR Reducing force of contraction of the heart Unlike beta blockers, CCB don't decrease responsiveness of heart to...
Williams syndrome
Williams syndrome (aka Williams-Beuren syndrome) is a neurodevelopmental disorder. Sx Distinctive, "elfin" facial appearance, w/ low nasal bridge Unusually cheerful demeanor, and ease w/ strangers Developmental delay coupled w/ strong language skills Cardiovascular problems, e.g. supravalvular...
Bicornuate uterus
Bicornuate uterus (from Latin “cornu” meaning “horn”) is a heart-shaped uterus, which is a uterus composed of 2 horns separated by a septum. Pathophysiology A bicornuate uterus is a type of uterine...
RSV
RSV (Respiratory syncytial virus) is a virus causing RTI's, especially LRTI's, and hospitalization during infancy/childhood. Sx Many babies only get a slight cold from RSV Can be more serious Pathophysiology Infection with RSV induces protective...
Head lice
Head lice [infestation] (aka pediculosis capitis, nits, cooties) is the infection of the head hair and scalp by head louse (Pediculus humanus capitus). Sx Itching, from lice bites, is common During a Pt's...
Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis
Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (from "lipo" meaning "fat") is a family of at least 8 genetically separate neurodegenerative disorders, that result from excessive accumulation of lipopigments (lipofuscin) in the body's tissues. Pathophysiology These lipopigments are...
Urinalysis
Urinalysis (U/A, aka Routine and Microscopy, R&M) is an array of tests performed on urine. Classification Urine dipstick, which is composed of 10 different chemical pads which change color when immersed and then removed...
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