Urogenital tuberculosis
Urogenital tuberculosis is a form of TB that affects the urogenital system. Pathophysiology The infection may affect the kidneys, ureter, and bladder, and may cause significant damage to each
Guillain-Barre syndrome
Guillain-Barre syndrome (aka Landry's paralysis) is a rapid-onset muscle weakness. Sx Changes in sensation Develop pain Followed by muscle weakness, beginning in the feet and hands Sx develop over 0.5 days-2 weeks Pathophysiology Due to damage to...
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes (aka diabetes [mellitus] type 1, T1D[M], formerly insulin[-dependent] diabetes, juvenile diabetes) is DM that results from autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. [faq]What is...
Bleeding during pregnancy
Bleeding during pregnancy (aka threatened miscarriage), is bleeding in the first 2 trimesters (weeks 0-28), specifically, 24 weeks (i.e seen during pregnancy prior to viability), and has yet to be assessed further. [faq]What is...
Aneurysm
Aneurysm (from Greek "aneurysm" meaning "dilation") is a localized, blood-filled balloon-like bulge in the wall of a blood vessel. [faq]What is an aneurysm? It's a bulge in the wall of a blood...
Colon cancer
Colon cancer (aka colorectal cancer, rectal cancer, bowel cancer) is cancer in the large intestine (e.g. colon, appendix, rectum). [faq]What is colon cancer, and how does it differ from colorectal, rectal, and...
X-ray
X-ray is produced by an x-ray generator, and projected towards a body. The amount of x-ray absorbed is dependent on the particular density/composition of the tissue. The x-rays that pass through...
Lung abscess
Lung abscess is a type of liquefactive necrosis of the lung tissue and formation of cavities (>2cm), containing necrotic debris or fluid caused by microbial infection.
Gallstone
Gallstone (aka cholelith) is a calculus (stone) formed within the gallbladder (i.e. organ where bile produced by the liver, is stored and concentrated before it is released into the small...
Breastfeeding
Breastfeeding is the feeding of an infant with milk produced by the female breast via lactation. Babies have a primitive sucking reflex that when anything touches the roof of their...
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