Reflux
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (aka GERD) is a chronic disease where stomach acid comes up from the stomach into the esophagus, causing mucosal damage. Reflux is where this occurs in babies and young children, and...
Anxiety disorder
Anxiety disorders are mental disorders characterized by feelings of anxiety (i.e. worry about future events) and fear (i.e. reaction to current events). Sx Emotions, ranging from Simple nervousness to Bouts of terror Physical...
Colonoscopy
Colonoscopy (from Greek "eidoscopy" meaning" look inside", aka coloscopy) is the use of an endoscope to examine the large intestine, and the distal part of the small intestine, using a camera...
Tay-Sachs disease
Tay-Sachs disease (aka GM2 gangliosidosis or hexosaminidase A deficiency) is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder. In its most common variant (infantile Tay-Sachs disease), it causes a progressive deterioration of...
Genetic disorder
Genetic disorder is a problem caused by one or more abnormalities in the genome, that is present from birth (congenital). The most common genetic disorders, ecxluding [[chromosomal abnormalities]] (a sub-type), includes: [[22q11.2...
Glucose-galactose malabsorption
Glucose-galactose malabsorption is where the cells lining the intestine can't take in the sugars glucose and galactose, which prevents proper digestion of these molecules and larger molecules made from them. Pathophysiology Glucose...
Dysdiadokokinesia
Pt asked to rapidly turn their hand and tap the other (stationary) hand. It tests for impaired ability to perform rapid, alternating movements. Pathophysiology Indicates lesion to either the cerebellum or frontal...
Neurological examination
Neurological examination is assessment of sensory and motor to determine whether the nervous system is impaired. Classification [[MMSE]] [[Cranial nerve exam]] [[Upper limb exam]] [[Lower limb exam]] Sensation Dermatome is an area of skin that is mainly supplied...
Review
R/V is shorthand for review
Menstruation
Menstruation (aka period, monthly) is the periodic discharge of blood and mucosal tissue from the endometrium (i.e. inner lining of the uterus) through the vagina. [faq]What's menstruation? It's where a woman bleeds periodically,...
Definition count: 2819
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