Hormone replacement therapy
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is a course of Tx involving receiving hormones, to supplement a lack of hormones. It includes, for: Menopause, because of diminished circulating estrogen and progesterone hormones causing discomfort,...
Allergies
Allergies are a hypersensitivity disorder of the immune system, where a Pt's immune system reacts to a normally harmless substance in the environment, known as the allergen. The reaction is...
CABG
CABG (coronary artery bypass surgery, pronouncd "cabbage") is surgery involving that involves bypassing an obstructed coronary artery. Pathophysiology The obstruction being bypassed is due to arteriosclerosis, atherosclerosis, or both: Arteriosclerosis is characterized by...
Hematochezia
Hematochezia (from Greek "heme" meaning "blood", and "chezia" meaning "to defecate", aka bright red blood per rectum) is passage of fresh blood through the anus, usually in or with stools...
Ataxic CP
Ataxic cerebral palsy is caused by damage to cerebellar structures, differentiating it from the other 2 forms of CP, which are spastic CP (damage to cortical motor areas and underlying...
Dysmorphism
Dysmorphic feature is a difference of body structure. Sx Features are invariably present from birth, although some are not immediately apparent upon visual inspection. Malformations, which are abnormal developments: Clinodactyly Synophrys Short stature Hypertelorism Toe syndactyly Heart defects Holoprosencephaly Disruptions, which...
Antiviral
Antiviral are drugs used to Tx viral infections. Like antibiotics (for bacteria), specific antivirals can Tx specific viruses. Unlike most antibiotics, antivirals don't destroy the target pathogen, but rather inhibits their...
Thrombophilia
Thrombophilia (aka hypercoagulability, prothrombotic state) is an abnormality of blood coagulation that increases the risk of thrombosis (blood clots in blood vessels). [faq]What is thrombophilia? The love of clots ;). Another word...
Developmental delay
Developmental delay (aka delayed milestone) is where a child doesn't reach 1 of the milestone stages at the expected age, which can be in one of the 4 developmental domains: However, a wide...
Well-baby exam
Well-baby exam are screening check ups to evaluate growth and development of children. Components Growth measurements, including length, weight, and head circumference. The baby will need to be undressed, so keep a...
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