Endometriosis
Endometriosis is where tissue that normally grows inside the uterus, grows outside the uterus. [faq]It sounds like endometriosis is something that relates to the endometrium? What is that :O? You're correct ;)...
ECG
ECG (electrocardiography) is a record of electrical activity of the heart over time, detected by electrodes attached to the skin surface (non-invasive) at various set locations. Method The standard 12-lead ECG involves...
AAA
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA, aka triple A) is a localized enlargement of the abdominal aorta, such that the diameter is >3cm, or >50% larger than normal (a normal diameter is...
Hematoma
Hematoma is a collection of blood within the tissue (outside the blood vessels). [faq]What is hematoma? I'm guessing it relates to heme, so blood? Yeah, so it's a collection of blood, within...
Peripheral edema
Peripheral edema is edema (accumulation of fluid causing swelling) in tissue perfused by the peripheral vascular system, usually in the lower limbs. It is palpated at the lower limbs. [img]peripheral-edema.png[/img] Source: Cardiac Health Classification Dependent edema,...
Pre-eclampsia
Pre-eclampsia (from Greek "eclampsia" meaning "lightning", previously called pre-eclamptic toxemia, PET) is a disorder of pregnancy. The disorder usually occurs in trimester 3 of pregnancy, and gets worse over time. Rarely,...
Murmur
Murmur is an auscultatable sound caused by turbulent flow of blood, caused by stenosis (i.e. restriction of heart valve opening) or regurgitation (i.e. allowing backflow of blood through an incompetent valve that incompletely closses). This...
Gonorrhea
Gonorrhea (aka the clap, gonococcal infection) is a bacterial STI. Pathophysiology Caused by N. gonorrhoeae Sx In men: Dysuria Penile discharge In women: Can be asymptomatic (50%) Vaginal discharge Pelvic pain Ix PCR Traditionally, Dx with gram stain and culture. However, culture can still be...
Observation chart
Observation chart (obs chart) is a chart used to quickly determine the degree of illness of a Pt. Being between the flags (aka early warning score, EWS) means that the observations are...
Hypernatremia
Hypernatremia is elevated sodium in the blood, of >145mEq/L. Pathophysiology Generally not caused by an excess of sodium, but rather by a relative deficit of free water in the body. Thus, hypernatremia...
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