Beta-lactam
Beta-lactam is a class of antibiotics, that contain a beta-lactam ring. [faq]Beta lactam. What's that? How's that different from an alpha lactam? So beta lactams are named this way, because they have...
Hypertriglyceridemia
Hypertriglyceridemia is high blood levels of triglycerides, the most abundant fatty molecule in most organisms. Pathophysiology Elevated levels of triglycerides are associated with atherosclerosis, even in the absence of hypercholesterolemia (high cholesterol...
Compliance
Compliance (aka adherence, capacitance) is the degree to which a Pt correctly follows medical advice. Description Compliance to use of: Drugs Medical device use Self care Self-directed exercises Therapy sessions Compliance is affected by: Both the Pt and health...
Observation chart
Observation chart (obs chart) is a chart used to quickly determine the degree of illness of a Pt. Being between the flags (aka early warning score, EWS) means that the observations are...
Stridor
Stidor is a harsh, vibratory sound, caused by turbulent airflow through an obstructed upper airway. Sx Stridor is best heard over the upper airways It usually occurs on inspiration → inward pressure exerted on...
Quadriplegia
Quadriplegia (aka tetraplegia) is paralysis caused by an illness/injury, that results in the partial/total loss of use of all their limbs/torso. Tetraparesis (aka quadriparesis) means muscle weakness affecting all 4...
Ablation
Ablation is the removal of part of biological tissue, usually by surgery. Method Chemical ablation Laser ablation, where a laser dissolves a material's molecular bonds. This requires the power density or fluence to...
Pharyngitis
Pharyngitis (from Greek "pharynx" meaning "throat", and "itis" meaning "inflammation) is inflammation of the pharynx (i.e. region in the back of the throat). Sx Quite painful throat Very large tonsils, which can cause trouble...
Hematuria
Hematuria is presence of RBC in urine. Hemoglobinuria is specifically Hg in urine. [faq]What is hematuria? It's where we find blood in urine. Specifically, red blood cells. Wait, what different sorts of blood...
Peptic ulcer
Peptic ulcer [disease] is a break in the lining of the stomach (aka stomach ulcer) [or even the first part of the small intestine (aka duodenal ulcer), or the lower esophagus]. [faq]What is a...
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