Acidosis
Acidosis is an increased acidity in the blood and other body tissue, i.e. an increased hydrogen ion concentration. See also [[Metabolic acidosis]] [[Respiratory acidosis]]
Blood transfusion
Blood transfusion is the receiving of blood products into circulation via IV. The purpose is to replace lost components of blood. [faq]What is a blood transfusion? It's where you receive blood into your...
Microcytic anemia
Microcytic anemia is an anemia involving microcytes (i.e. small RBC's). Dx MCV (mean morpuscular volume, i.e. the average RBC size) on FBC<80 fL, basd on normal 80-100 value Ix RBC's are usually also hypochromic...
Ectopic pregnancy
Ectopic pregnancy (aka eccyesis) is a pregnancy complication, where the embryo attaches outside the uterus. [faq]What's an ectopic? Ectopic generally means something in a location that it's not supposed to. In the...
Peptic ulcer
Peptic ulcer [disease] is a break in the lining of the stomach (aka stomach ulcer) [or even the first part of the small intestine (aka duodenal ulcer), or the lower esophagus]. [faq]What is a...
Anencephaly
Anencephaly (from Greek meaning "no in-head", i.e. total lacking the inside part of the head, i.e. the brain) is the absence of a major portion of the brain, skull, and scalp...
Murmur
Murmur is an auscultatable sound caused by turbulent flow of blood, caused by stenosis (i.e. restriction of heart valve opening) or regurgitation (i.e. allowing backflow of blood through an incompetent valve that incompletely closses). This...
HSV
Herpes [simplex] is a viral STD. Pathophysiology Herpes is caused by either HSV-1 (usually oral) or HSV-2 (usually genital), although genital HSV-1 infections are increasing, and now cause up to 80% of infections Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) and...
ERCP
ERCP (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography) is a technique that combines the use of endoscopy and fluoroscopy to Dx and Tx certain problems of the biliary or pancreatic ductal systems. [faq]What is ERCP? It's...
COPD
COPD (Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is an obstructive lung disease, characterized by chronic poor airflow. It includes both chronic bronchitis and emphysema. [faq]What is COPD? It's a lung disease involving poor airflow,...
Definition count: 2774
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