Pelvic organ prolapse
Pelvic organ prolapse (aka vaginal prolapse, female genital prolapse) is where a portion of the vaginal canal protrudes/prolapses from the opening of the vagina. [faq]What is pelvic organ prolapse? It's where something usually...
Maternal nutrition
Maternal nutrition is nutrient intake and dietary planning undertaken before, during and after pregnancy. Physiology Fetal nutrition begins at conception, thus the nutrition of the mother is important from before conception [probably...
Progestin
Progestins are synthetic progestogens, that have progestogenic effects similar to those of progesterone. Classification 1st generation: Ethisterone Norethisterone Norethisterone acetate Noretynodrel Etynodiol diacetate Medroxyprogesterone acetate (Provera) Megestrol acetate 2nd generation: Norgestrel Levonorgestrel 3rd generation: Norgestimate Norelgestromin Desogestrel Etonogestrel Gestodene 4th generation: Dienogest Drospirenone Nestorone Nomegestrol acetate Trimegestone
Hysteroscopy
Hysteroscopy (from Greek "hystera" meaning "womb", "skopein" meaning "to look") is the inspection of the uterine cavity/womb by endoscopy, with access through the cervix. Indications Dx of intrauterine pathology, and surgical intervention, including for: Asherman's syndrome...
PSA
PSA (prostate-specific antigen, aka gamma-seminoprotein, kallikrein-3 KLK3) is an enzyme secreted by epithelial cells of the prostate gland. [faq]I know PSA is a test for prostate cancer, but, what is it...
Renovascular hypertension
Renovascular hypertension (aka renal hypertension) is HTN caused by the kidneys' hormonal response to narrowing of the renal arteries (i.e. arteries supplying the kidneys). Pathophysiology When functioning properly this hormonal axis regulates...
Female condom
Female condom (aka femidom) is a device used during sexual intercourse as a barrier contraceptive to reduce the unintended pregnancy, and risk of STI’s, e.g. gonorrhea, syphilis, and HIV, though...
PPHN
PPHN (Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn) is where the Pt is unable to breathe properly because of pulmonary hypertension. Pathophysiology In a fetus, there is high pulmonary vascular resistance, and low...
Gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes [mellitus] (GDM) occurs when pregnant women without a previous Hx of diabetes, develops hyperglycemia during pregnancy, especially during her 3rd trimester. Source: NDSS [faq]What is gestational diabetes? Let's break it down. Diabetes...
Supinator reflex
Reflex by striking the brachioradialis tendon with a hammer, whilst the Pt's arm is relaxed. [img]supinator-reflex.jpg[/img] Source: http://www.osceskills.com/resources/Upper-Limb-Supinator-reflex-test.jpg    
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