Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic lung disorder of infants/children. Pathophysiology Prolonged high oxygen in premature infants causes bronchiolitis, with inflammation eventually causing scarring This results in hypoxemia Causes More common in infants with: Low birth...
Chorioamnionitis
Chorioamnionitis (aka intra-amniotic infection, IAI) is an inflammation of the fetal membranes (amnion and chorion) due to a bacterial infection. [faq]What is chorioamnionitis? It's inflammation of the amnion or chorion. What's the amnion...
Adenomyosis
Adenomyosis (from Greek "adeno" meaning "gland", "myo" meaning "muscle", and "osis" meaning "condition", previously called endometriosis interna) is the presence of ectopic glandular tissue found in muscle. Pathophysiology Ectopic endometrial tissue (inner lining...
Mittelschmerz
Mittelschmerz (German for "middle pain") is a mid-cycle abdominal pain, occurring around the time of ovulation, that occurs sometimes every cycle, some intermittently. Sx Lower abdominal and pelvic pain Occurs roughly midway through...
Fluid thrill test
Fluid thrill test is a test for ascites. Pt pushes their hands down on the midline of the abdomen. Examiner taps one flank, while feeling the other flank for the...
Pulse
Pulse is measuring heart beat by palpating a peripheral artery by the fingertip (with the exception of using the thumb). Sometimes, there is delay, which is indicative of pathology. Method Pulses can...
Speculum
Speculum (from Latin meaning "mirror") is a tool used to investigate body orifices by direct vision, and potentially introduce instruments for further invention (e.g. biopsy). Its shape/form depends on the...
Sprained ankle
Sprained ankle (aka ankle sprain, twisted ankle, rolled ankle, floppy ankle, ankle injury, ankle ligament injury) is where 1+ ligaments of the ankle are torn or partially torn.
MMSE
Mini-mental state examination (MMSE) is a brief 30-point questionnaire used to estimate, and track the course (over time) of the severity of cognitive impairment, especially for dementia. It samples arithmetic,...
Female infertility
Female infertility is the inability to reproduce by natural means. In women, this includes both the inability to conceive, as well as inability to carry a pregnancy to full term. [faq]What's...
Definition count: 2819
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