Nasopharyngeal culture
Nasopharyngeal culture (NPA) is a quick, painless test used to Dx URTI's. [faq]What is an NPA? It's an aspirate taken from the nasopharynx.[/faq] Method Secretions are collected using a swab, or suctioned using an aspirator The...
Gravidity and parity
Gravidity and parity (G/P/A) are terms relating to pregnancy. Definition It is the number of times a female has: Gravidity means having been pregnant, regardless of whether it has been brought to viability (yet alone...
Life support
Life support are emergency techniques performed support life after the failure of one or more vital organs. [faq]What is life support? It's where you try to "support life", after 1 or more...
Lying
Lying (aka recumbency, prostration) is a type of human position, where the body is more or less horizontal, and supported along its length by the surface underneath. Classification Body may assume a...
Myeloproliferative disease
Myeloproliferative disease/neoplasm are diseases of the bone marrow, in which excess cells are produced. Sx Asymptomatic, due to just increased number of blood cells, but numerous complications may occur Pathophysiology Underlying clonal genetic changes...
Percussion
Percussion is tapping on a surface to determine the underlying structure. Indications Assess the thorax, for: Pneumothorax Emphysema Other disease Respiratory mobility of the thorax Assess the abdomen, for: Organomegaly Whether tissue is healthy or pathological Method The nonstriking finger (known...
Health care
Health care is the Dx, Tx, and prevention of disease (also illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments). Classification Primary care, who act as first point of consultation for all Pt's...
Kidney function test
Kidney function tests are tests which help check the kidneys are working properly. Physiology Kidney is a bean shaped organs located at the rear of the abdominal cavity (retroperitoneum). It receives blood...
Lysosomal storage disease
Lysosomal storage disease are a group of approximately 50 rare inherited metabolic disorders, that result from defects in lysosomal function. Lysosomes are sacs of enzymes within cells that digest large...
Macrocephaly
Macrocephaly (from Greek "macro" meaning "long", and "cephaly" meaning "head") is when head circumference is >2.5 standard deviations above normal for weight and height. Cause Pathologic, due to: Megaencephaly (enlarged brain) Hydrocephalus (water on...
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