Antiviral
Antiviral are drugs used to Tx viral infections. Like antibiotics (for bacteria), specific antivirals can Tx specific viruses. Unlike most antibiotics, antivirals don't destroy the target pathogen, but rather inhibits their...
Benign prostatic hyperplasia
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH, benign enlargement of the prostate, adenofibromyomatous hyperplasia, benign prostatic hypertrophy) is an increase in the size of the prostate. [faq]What is benign prostatic hyperplasia? It's where the prostate...
PKU
PKU (phenylketonuria, from “phenyl”, “ketone”, “uria”, aka phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency) is an inherited error of amino acid metabolism, where protein-rich foods or the sweetener aspartame can act as poisons, impairing metabolism of...
Abdominal distension
Abdominal distension is when substances (e.g. air/gas or fluid), accumulate in the abdomen causing its outward expansion beyond the normal girth of the stomach and waist. It is often described...
Hypervitaminosis D
Hypervitaminosis D is vitamin D toxicity, which causes: Dehydration Vomiting Decreased appetite Irritability Constipation Fatigue Muscle weakness Metastatic calcification of the soft tissues Hypercalcemia, which can cause: Overcalcification of the bones, soft tissues, heart and kidneys Hypertension
Uterine malformation
Uterine malformation is a type of female genital malformation, due to abnormal development of the Mullerian duct(s) during embryogenesis. Sx Amenorrhea Infertility Recurrent pregnancy loss Pain Can be noraml functioning, depending on nature of the defect Classification Mullerian...
Fluid replacement
Fluid replacement is the replenishment of bodily fluids lost through various means (sweating, bleeding, fluid shift, or other pathological processes). [faq]What is fluid replacement? It's where we replenish the body with fluids....
Polyhydramnios
Polyhydramnios is an excess of amniotic fluid in the amniotic sac. Dx Amniotic fluid index (AFI)> 24cm Cause Intrauterine infection (TORCH) Rh-isoimmunization Chorioangioma of the placenta Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, in a multiple gestation pregnancy Maternal cardiac problems Maternal kidney...
Barrett's esophagus
Barrett's esophagus (aka columnar epithelium lined lower esophagus, CELLO) is metaplasia (i.e. abnormal change) in the cells of the lower portion of the esophagus. Pathophysiology Characterized by the replacement of the normal stratified squamous...
Urogenital tuberculosis
Urogenital tuberculosis is a form of TB that affects the urogenital system. Pathophysiology The infection may affect the kidneys, ureter, and bladder, and may cause significant damage to each
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