Well-baby exam
Well-baby exam are screening check ups to evaluate growth and development of children. Components Growth measurements, including length, weight, and head circumference. The baby will need to be undressed, so keep a...
Mole
Mole (aka nevus, birthmark, beauty mark) is a sharply circumscribed, and chronic lesion containing of the skin or mucosa. Pathophysiology It is a type of cell known as a melanocyte, which contains skin-pigmenting...
Stridor
Stidor is a harsh, vibratory sound, caused by turbulent airflow through an obstructed upper airway. Sx Stridor is best heard over the upper airways It usually occurs on inspiration → inward pressure exerted on...
Blood type
Blood type (aka blood group) is the classification of blood based on the presence (or absence) of inherited antigens (combination of proteins, carbohydrates, glycoproteins, glycolipids) on the surface of RBC's. There...
AAA
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA, aka triple A) is a localized enlargement of the abdominal aorta, such that the diameter is >3cm, or >50% larger than normal (a normal diameter is...
Phlebitis
Phlebitis (aka venitis) is inflammation of a vein. It commonly occurs with thrombosis, when it is caled [superficial] thrombophlebitis. Pathophysiology It usually occurs in the legs It most commonly occurs in superficial veins Prognosis Probability the superficial...
Postpartum hemorrhage
Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is significant loss of blood following childbirth. Dx Loss >500mL of blood within the first 24 hours, in a vaginal delivery Loss >1,000mL, in a Caesar Some definitions worldwide also require...
Meningococcal disease
Meningococcal disease are infections caused by the bacteria Neisseria meningitidis (aka meningococcus). [faq]What is meningicoccal disease? Does it have anything to do with meningitis? Actually, it does. It's an infection be a...
Cyanotic heart defect
Cyanotic heart defect is a type of congenital heart defect that occurs due to deoxygenated blood bypassing the lungs and entering the systemic circulation or a mixture of oxygenated and...
Perinatal death
Perinatal death (aka perinatal mortality, PNM) is the stillbirth and death of a fetus/neonate from 3rd trimester forth (>24 weeks gestation), and within the first seven completed days after birth...
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