Pre-eclampsia (from Greek "eclampsia" meaning "lightning", previously called pre-eclamptic toxemia, PET) is a disorder of pregnancy. The disorder usually occurs in trimester 3 of pregnancy, and gets worse over time. Rarely,...
Laparotomy (aka celiotomy) is a large surgical incision through the abdominal wall to gain access into the abdominal cavity.
Heart attack (aka myocardial infarction) is where blood [and thus oxygen] flow stops to a part of the heart, and heart muscle becomes damaged.
[faq]What is a myocardial infarction, and how...
Clinical depression is a psychiatric disorder characterized by pervasive and persistent low mood, resulting in low self-esteem, anhedonia (loss of interest of pleasure), and pleasure.
Combination of hereditary and psychosocial factors
Fluid thrill test
Fluid thrill test is a test for ascites. Pt pushes their hands down on the midline of the abdomen. Examiner taps one flank, while feeling the other flank for the...
Echo phenomenon is automatic imitative actions wihtout explicit awareness, or pathological repetitions of external stimuli or activities, actions, sounds, or phrases, indicative of an underlying disorder.
Echolalia, of vocalizations, the most...
Nephritic syndrome is a glomerular disorder, causing proteinuria and hematuria.
Hematuria (blood in urine)
Proteinuria (protein in urine)
Oliguria (low urine output <400mL/day)
Caused by inflammation of the glomerulus
Characterized by a thin glomerular...
CABG (coronary artery bypass surgery, pronouncd "cabbage") is surgery involving that involves bypassing an obstructed coronary artery.
The obstruction being bypassed is due to arteriosclerosis, atherosclerosis, or both:
Arteriosclerosis is characterized by...
PPHN (Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn) is where the Pt is unable to breathe properly because of pulmonary hypertension.
In a fetus, there is high pulmonary vascular resistance, and low...
Bradypnea (from Greek "brady" meaning "slow", "pnea" meaning "breath") is abnormally slow RR.
Definition depends upon the Pt's age, including:
Fainting (or near-fainting)
Memory impairment or confusion