Mydriasis
Mydriasis (aka blown pupil) is dilation of the pupil, usually defined as when having a non-physiological cause, but can be physiological. Cause Physiological, i.e. due to pupillary reflex Non-pathophysiological causes include: Disease Trauma Use of drugs,...
Flatulence
Flatulence (from Latin "flatus" meaning "breaking wind") is being affected with flatus (gas generated in the stomach/bowels). Sx Has a characteristic feculent smell, although it may vary in concentration, and can be excessive Volume...
Hormone levels
Hormone levels can be tested as part of blood or urine tests. Classification Pituitary: ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone) Dexamethasone suppression test, tests to see whether ACTH secretion by the pituitary can be suppressed FSH blood test (see...
Primary aldosteronism
Primary [hyper]aldosteronism (aka Conn's syndrome) is excess production of the hormone aldosterone, by the adrenal glands, resulting in low renin levels. Sx Often produces few Sx HTN, in most Pt's Poor vision, due to...
Reflux
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (aka GERD) is a chronic disease where stomach acid comes up from the stomach into the esophagus, causing mucosal damage. Reflux is where this occurs in babies and young children, and...
Anxiety disorder
Anxiety disorders are mental disorders characterized by feelings of anxiety (i.e. worry about future events) and fear (i.e. reaction to current events). Sx Emotions, ranging from Simple nervousness to Bouts of terror Physical...
Colonoscopy
Colonoscopy (from Greek "eidoscopy" meaning" look inside", aka coloscopy) is the use of an endoscope to examine the large intestine, and the distal part of the small intestine, using a camera...
Tay-Sachs disease
Tay-Sachs disease (aka GM2 gangliosidosis or hexosaminidase A deficiency) is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder. In its most common variant (infantile Tay-Sachs disease), it causes a progressive deterioration of...
Genetic disorder
Genetic disorder is a problem caused by one or more abnormalities in the genome, that is present from birth (congenital). The most common genetic disorders, ecxluding [[chromosomal abnormalities]] (a sub-type), includes: [[22q11.2...
Glucose-galactose malabsorption
Glucose-galactose malabsorption is where the cells lining the intestine can't take in the sugars glucose and galactose, which prevents proper digestion of these molecules and larger molecules made from them. Pathophysiology Glucose...
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