PPHN
PPHN (Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn) is where the Pt is unable to breathe properly because of pulmonary hypertension. Pathophysiology In a fetus, there is high pulmonary vascular resistance, and low...
Jugular venous pressure
Jugular venous pressure (JVP) is the indirectly observed pressure, over the venous system, as observed over the internal jugular vein. JVPNE/JVPNR is shorthand for JVP not elevated/raised. [faq]What is JVP. And what...
Gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes [mellitus] (GDM) occurs when pregnant women without a previous Hx of diabetes, develops hyperglycemia during pregnancy, especially during her 3rd trimester. Source: NDSS [faq]What is gestational diabetes? Let's break it down. Diabetes...
Supinator reflex
Reflex by striking the brachioradialis tendon with a hammer, whilst the Pt's arm is relaxed. [img]supinator-reflex.jpg[/img] Source: http://www.osceskills.com/resources/Upper-Limb-Supinator-reflex-test.jpg    
Grasp
Grasp is an act of taking, holding, or seizing firmly, with (or as if with) the hand. An example is the handshake, where 2 people grasp one of each other's...
Metaplasia
Metaplasia (from Greek meaning "change in form") is the reversible replacement of one differentiated cell type with another mature differentiated cell type. The change from 1 type of cell to...
Lysosomal storage disease
Lysosomal storage disease are a group of approximately 50 rare inherited metabolic disorders, that result from defects in lysosomal function. Lysosomes are sacs of enzymes within cells that digest large...
Rhinitis
Rhinitis (aka coryza) is irritation and inflammation of the mucous membrane inside the nose. The most common type is allergic rhinitis (aka hayfever). Sx Stuffy nose Runny nose Post-nasal drip See also Cold Hayfever
Abdominal guarding
Abdominal guarding (aka defense musculaire) is tensing of abdominal wall muscles to guard inflamed organs within the abdomen from pain of pressure upon them. Sx Tensing when the abdominal wall is pressed Pathophysiology Caused by...
Macrolide
Macrolide antibiotics have the presence of a macrolide ring, usually used to Tx Gram-positive bacteria (e.g. Strep. pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae). Antimicrobial spectrum is slightly wider than penicillin, and so...
Definition count: 2774
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