Post-nasal drip (PND, aka upper airway cough syndrome) occurs when excessive mucus is produced by the nasal mucosa. The excess mucus accumulates in the throat or back of the throat.
Gout (aka pogadra when it involves the big toe) is joint swelling, caused by uric acid crystals depositing in a joint, causing inflammation.
Recurrent attack of acute inflammatory arthritis, i.e. a red,...
Gestational trophoblastic disease
Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) are a group of pregnancy-related tumors.
GTD can simulate pregnancy because:
Uterus may contain fetal tissue, albeit abnormal
The tissue may grow at the same rate as a normal...
Rhinitis (aka coryza) is irritation and inflammation of the mucous membrane inside the nose. The most common type is allergic rhinitis (aka hayfever).
Pneumoperitoneum is the presence of air/gas in the peritoneal cavity.
Often seen on x-ray, but small amounts are often missed
CT is nowadays regarded as a criterion standard in the assessment of...
Ataxic cerebral palsy is caused by damage to cerebellar structures, differentiating it from the other 2 forms of CP, which are spastic CP (damage to cortical motor areas and underlying...
Pyloric stenosis is stenosis (narrowing) of the pylorus (meaning "gate", i..e the muscle surrounding the opening from the stomach to the duodenum).
[faq]I know that pyloric stenosis means "stenosis" of the...
Antiviral are drugs used to Tx viral infections. Like antibiotics (for bacteria), specific antivirals can Tx specific viruses. Unlike most antibiotics, antivirals don't destroy the target pathogen, but rather inhibits their...
Eclampsia (from Greek "eclampsia" meaning "lightning") is the onset of seizures in a woman with pre-eclampsia (i.e. HTN+proteinuria, or other organ dysfunction). Onset may be before, during, or after delivery. Most...
Kidney function test
Kidney function tests are tests which help check the kidneys are working properly.
Kidney is a bean shaped organs located at the rear of the abdominal cavity (retroperitoneum). It receives blood...