Warfarin
Warfarin is an anticoagulant. Examples include Coumadin. [img]warfarin.jpg[/img] Source: Bristol Labs Purpose Prevention of thrombosis (formation of blood clots) and thromboembolism (migration elsewhere) MOA Warfarin is a synthetic derivative of dicoumarol, a 4-hydroxycoumarin-derived mycotoxin anticoagulant Warfarin and related 4-hydroxycoumarin-containing...
Thrombosis
Thrombosis (from Greek "thrombus") is the formation of a blood clot (thrombus) inside a blood vessel, obstructing flow of blood through the circulatory system. Pathophysiology When a blood vessel is injured, the...
Aminoglycoside
Aminoglycoside is a Gram-negative antibiotic that inhibits protein synthesis, and contains as a portion of the molecule an amino-modified glycoside (i.e. sugar). It generally has effect against gram-negative aerobes and...
Hyponatremia
Hyponatremia is low sodium concentration in blood. Dx Serum sodium <135mEq/L, and is severe when <125mEq/L Pathophysiology Sodium is the primary positively charged ion in the environment outside the cell, and can't freely cross...
Fundal height
Fundal height (aka McDonald's rule) is a measurement of the size of the uterus, as an indication of proper fetal growth/development and amniotic fluid development, during pregnancy. SFH is shorthand...
Uterine perforation
Uterine perforation is a potential complication of any intrauterine procedure. Pathophysiology It may be associated with injury to surrounding blood vessels or viscera e.g. bladder or intestine Prognosis If not Dx at the time...
Jugular venous pressure
Jugular venous pressure (JVP) is the indirectly observed pressure, over the venous system, as observed over the internal jugular vein. JVPNE/JVPNR is shorthand for JVP not elevated/raised. [faq]What is JVP. And what...
Beta agonist
Beta2-adrenergic agonists are drugs that act on the beta2-adrenergic receptor. [faq]What are beta agonists? It's a drug that acts on a receptor, that is usually activated by adrenaline. It does things like...
Anticoagulant
Anticoagulants are drugs that prevent coagulation (clotting) of blood. They can occur naturally in leeches and blood-sucking insects. Uses Used as medications: To prevent: DVT PE MI Ischemic stroke To Tx: Atrial fibrillation PE DVT Venous thromboembolism CHF Stroke MI Genetic or acquired hypercoagulability Medical equipment (e.g. test...
Mobility aid
Mobility aid are devices designed to assist walking or otherwise improve the mobility of patients with a mobility impairment. Classification Walking aids, including: Cane (aka walking stick), the simplest form of walking aid....
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