Neurological examination
Neurological examination is assessment of sensory and motor to determine whether the nervous system is impaired. Classification [[MMSE]] [[Cranial nerve exam]] [[Upper limb exam]] [[Lower limb exam]] Sensation Dermatome is an area of skin that is mainly supplied...
Malnutrition
Malnutrition (aka malnourishment) results from eating a diet, in which nutrients are either not enough, or are too much such that the diet causes health problems. Undernutrition or undernourishment is not...
Oslers node
Osler's nodes are painful, red, raised lesions found on the hands and legs, associated with infective endocarditis. Pathophysiology Caused by deposition of immune complexes, resulting in swelling, redness, and pain. [img]oslers-node-vs-janeway-lesion.gif[/img] Source: Stanford University
Life support
Life support are emergency techniques performed support life after the failure of one or more vital organs. [faq]What is life support? It's where you try to "support life", after 1 or more...
Antifungal
Antifungals are used to Tx fungi, such as athlete's foot, ringworm, candidiasis (thrush). Classification Polyene antifungals, including: Amphotericin B Candicidin Filipin Hamycin Natamycin Nystatin Imidazole, including: Bifonazole Butoconazole Clotrimazole Econazole Fenticonazole Isoconazole Ketoconazole Luliconazole Miconazole Omoconazole Oxiconazole Sertaconazole Sulconazole Tioconazole Triazole, including: Albaconazole Efinaconazole Epoxiconazole Fluconazole Isavuconazole Itraconazole Posaconazole Propiconazole Ravuconazole Terconazole Voriconazole Thiazole, including: Abafungin Allylamines, inhibit squalene epoxidase, anotehr enzyme required for ergosterol synthesis. It includes: Amorolfin Butenafine Naftifine Terbinafine Echinocandins,...
Laparotomy
Laparotomy (aka celiotomy) is a large surgical incision through the abdominal wall to gain access into the abdominal cavity. See also [[Laparoscopy]] (antonym)
Vitiligo
Vitiligo is a chronic skin condition involving portions of the skin depigmenting (i.e. losing their pigment). Pathophysiology It occurs when melanocytes (i.e. skin pigment cells) die or are unable to function May arise...
Hematoma
Hematoma is a collection of blood within the tissue (outside the blood vessels). [faq]What is hematoma? I'm guessing it relates to heme, so blood? Yeah, so it's a collection of blood, within...
Colectomy
Colectomy is surgical resection of any extent of the large intestine (colon). Indications Colon cancer Diverticulitis and diverticular disease of the large intestine Trauma IBD (inflammatory bowel disease), e.g. uclerative colitis → neither cures nor eliminates Crohn's,...
Influenza
Influenza (aka the flu) is an infectious disease caused by the influenza virus (i.e. family of RNA viruses). Sx Sx can be mild to severe. Sx begin around 2 days after exposure to...
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