Enema (aka clyster) is a fluid injected into the large intestine through the rectum. Examples include Microlax.
Encephalitis (from Greek "en" meaning "in", "cephale" meaning "head", and "itis" meaning "inflammation") is acute inflammation of the brain. Meningoencephalitis is encephalitis with meningitis.
Viral, called viral encephalitis, can occur...
Perineal tear is an unintended laceration of the skin and other soft tissue structures separating the vagina from the anus. Tears vary in severity.
[faq]What is a perineal tear?
It's where as...
Gestational trophoblastic disease
Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) are a group of pregnancy-related tumors.
GTD can simulate pregnancy because:
Uterus may contain fetal tissue, albeit abnormal
The tissue may grow at the same rate as a normal...
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes (aka diabetes [mellitus] type 2, formerly noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM, adult-onset diabetes) is a metabolic disorder involving hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) in the context of insulin resistance...
External fixation is surgical Tx used to stabilize bone and soft tissues at a distance from the operative or injury focus.
They provide unobstructed access to the relevant skeletal and soft...
Aortic rupture is rupture/breakage of the aorta (i.e. largest artery in the body).
Tearing pain, located in the abdomen, flank, groin, or back
LOC (loss of consciousness)
Hypotension, from volemic shock
Cyanosis (blue discloration...
Upper limb examination
Upper limb examination assesses the neurological function of the upper limbs. ROM is an abbreviation for Range of Motion. UL is an abbreviation for Upper limb.
Remember with the mnemonic “The Powerful...
Dietary minerals are chemical elements required by living organisms, other than C, H, N, and O.
Major dietary elements:
Calcium (Ca2+) → deficiency is [[hypocalcemia]]
Potassium. The daily potassium requirement in adults is...
Internal fixation involves the surgical implementation of implants for the purpose of repairing a bone.
May be made of stainless steel or titanium
Types of internal fixators include:
Plates and screws