Statin
Statin is a drug which lowers cholesterol. Increased cholesterol is associated with cardiovascular disease. [faq]What is a statin? It's a drug that lowers cholesterol. Oh cholesterol. That's bad for blood, right? Well sort of....
Rupture of membranes
Rupture of membranes (ROM, aka amniorrhexis, water breaking) is a rupture of the amniotic sac, releasing amniotic fluid (aka waters, Latin liquor amnii). [faq]What does it mean that your waters break?...
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C is liver inflammation caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Sx Often asymptomatic, and for chronic (>6 mo) may be for the first few decades Pathophysiology Spread primarily by blood to blood...
Fluid replacement
Fluid replacement is the replenishment of bodily fluids lost through various means (sweating, bleeding, fluid shift, or other pathological processes). [faq]What is fluid replacement? It's where we replenish the body with fluids....
Ringworm
Ringworm (aka dermatophytosis, tinea) is caused by fungal infection of the skin. Sx It is called "ringworm" because the rash is circular, with a ring-like appearance Pathophysiology The dermatophytes (i.e. fungi that cause parasitic...
Precancerous
Precancerous (aka premalignant) condition, is a state of disordered morphology of cells, that is associated with an increased risk of cancer. If left untreated, those conditions may lead to cancer....
Adenomyosis
Adenomyosis (from Greek "adeno" meaning "gland", "myo" meaning "muscle", and "osis" meaning "condition", previously called endometriosis interna) is the presence of ectopic glandular tissue found in muscle. Pathophysiology Ectopic endometrial tissue (inner lining...
Vitamin B6 deficiency
Vitamin B6 deficiency causes: Seborrheic dermatitis-like eruption Atrophic glossitis with ulceration Angular cheilitis Conjunctivitis Intertrigo Neurological Sx (somnolence, confusion, neuropathy) Sideroblastic anemia
Cyanosis
Cyanosis is blue or purple coloration of skin or mucous membranes, due to tissue near skin surface having low oxygen saturation. Signs usually first appear on the lips or fingers. Pathophysiology It...
Group and hold
Group and hold (aka group and screen, G&S, or type and screen) are tests conducted prior to blood transfusion. [faq]What's group and hold? Tests done before a blood transfusion. What's a blood transfusion? Where you get...
Definition count: 2819
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