Aphasia
Aphasia (from Grek "a" meaning "without", and "phasis" meaning "speech", aka dysphasia) are problems w/ 1 or more functions ESSENTIAL and specific to language function. Pathophysiology Caused by damage to the brain NOT due...
Inborn error of metabolism
Inborn error of metabolism (aka congenital metabolic disease, inherited metabolic disease) are a large class of genetic diseases, involving congenital disorders of metabolism. The majority are due to defects of...
Stress incontinence
Stress [urinary] incontinence (aka effort incontinence) is due to insufficient strength of the closure of the bladder. [faq]What is stress incontinence? It's where, whenever you put physical stress on your body, you...
Bishop score
Bishop score (aka cervix score, cervical favorability) is a pre-labor scoring system. Cx is shorthand for cervix. [faq]What's the Bishop score? It's a way that we score how ready bub is ready to come out....
Route of administration
Route of administration is the path by which a drug is taken into the body. Oral po is shorthand for Per oral Rectally PR is shorthand for Per rectum (it can also refer to Rectal...
Neurological examination
Neurological examination is assessment of sensory and motor to determine whether the nervous system is impaired. Classification [[MMSE]] [[Cranial nerve exam]] [[Upper limb exam]] [[Lower limb exam]] Sensation Dermatome is an area of skin that is mainly supplied...
Hematoma
Hematoma is a collection of blood within the tissue (outside the blood vessels). [faq]What is hematoma? I'm guessing it relates to heme, so blood? Yeah, so it's a collection of blood, within...
Corticosteroid
Corticosteroids are anti-inflammatory. Topical steroid is topical form of corticosteroid. Purpose Tx rash, eczema, dermatitis Tx asthma → reduce airway inflammation Antenatal corticosteroids → given to women expecting preterm delivery. It is used help the lungs of a premature...
Murmur
Murmur is an auscultatable sound caused by turbulent flow of blood, caused by stenosis (i.e. restriction of heart valve opening) or regurgitation (i.e. allowing backflow of blood through an incompetent valve that incompletely closses). This...
Gravidity and parity
Gravidity and parity (G/P/A) are terms relating to pregnancy. Definition It is the number of times a female has: Gravidity means having been pregnant, regardless of whether it has been brought to viability (yet alone...
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