Perineal tear is an unintended laceration of the skin and other soft tissue structures separating the vagina from the anus. Tears vary in severity.
[faq]What is a perineal tear?
It's where as...
Crackles (aka crepitations, rales, from French "rale" meaning "rattle") are discontinuous crackling/clicking/rattling noises made by either/both lungs in Pt's with a respiratory disease.
Discontinuous, non-musical, and brief
Much more common during inspiration than...
Creatine kinase (CK) is an enzyme which catalyzes the conversion of creatine and ATP, into phosphocreatinine (PCr) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP). This reaction is reversible, in which ATP can be generated...
Cranial nerve examination
Cranial nerves (CN's, aka cerebral nerves) are nerves emerging directly from the brain and brain stem (cf. spinal nerves which emerge from the spinal cord).
CN's exchange information between brain and...
Immunization is the process by which a Pt's immune system becomes fortified against a perpetrating immunogen. IUTD is a Medical abbreviation for Immunizations Up To Date, and UTD is an abbreviation for Up...
Bishop score (aka cervix score, cervical favorability) is a pre-labor scoring system. Cx is shorthand for cervix.
[faq]What's the Bishop score?
It's a way that we score how ready bub is ready to come out....
The RAAS system (aka renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system), is a hormone system that regulates water balance, and thus blood pressure.
When blood volume (and thus pressure) is low, juxtaglomerular cells [in the kidneys] secrete...
Head circumference (HC, aka occipital frontal circumference OFC) is measurement of a child's head around its largest area, the distance from above the eyebrow/ears, and around the back of the head.
Protein shake/bar/bites/oats/gels/powders is a powdered protein supplement.
Shake is mixed with water, milk, or juice. They come in a variety of flavors
Labels on protein shakes suggesting it be taken in cold is...
Choluria is the presence of bile in urine.
Dark or brown urine, often referred to as the color of Coca-Cola
Usually manifested when serum bilirubin >1.5mg/dL
Presence of chlouria is useful Sx to...