Perineal tear
Perineal tear is an unintended laceration of the skin and other soft tissue structures separating the vagina from the anus. Tears vary in severity. [faq]What is a perineal tear? It's where as...
Crackle
Crackles (aka crepitations, rales, from French "rale" meaning "rattle") are discontinuous crackling/clicking/rattling noises made by either/both lungs in Pt's with a respiratory disease. Sx Discontinuous, non-musical, and brief Much more common during inspiration than...
Creatine kinase
Creatine kinase (CK) is an enzyme which catalyzes the conversion of creatine and ATP, into phosphocreatinine (PCr) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP). This reaction is reversible, in which ATP can be generated...
Cranial nerve examination
Cranial nerves (CN's, aka cerebral nerves) are nerves emerging directly from the brain and brain stem (cf. spinal nerves which emerge from the spinal cord). Physiology CN's exchange information between brain and...
Immunization
Immunization is the process by which a Pt's immune system becomes fortified against a perpetrating immunogen. IUTD is a Medical abbreviation for Immunizations Up To Date, and UTD is an abbreviation for Up...
Bishop score
Bishop score (aka cervix score, cervical favorability) is a pre-labor scoring system. Cx is shorthand for cervix. [faq]What's the Bishop score? It's a way that we score how ready bub is ready to come out....
RAAS antagonist
The RAAS system (aka renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system), is a hormone system that regulates water balance, and thus blood pressure. Physiology When blood volume (and thus pressure) is low, juxtaglomerular cells [in the kidneys] secrete...
Head circumference
Head circumference (HC, aka occipital frontal circumference OFC) is measurement of a child's head around its largest area, the distance from above the eyebrow/ears, and around the back of the head. [youtube]3YMJRsYNZDQ[/youtube] [faq]What...
Protein
Protein shake/bar/bites/oats/gels/powders is a powdered protein supplement. MOA Shake is mixed with water, milk, or juice. They come in a variety of flavors Labels on protein shakes suggesting it be taken in cold is...
Choluria
Choluria is the presence of bile in urine. Sx Dark or brown urine, often referred to as the color of Coca-Cola Pathophysiology Usually manifested when serum bilirubin >1.5mg/dL Presence of chlouria is useful Sx to...
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