Ultrasound
Ultrasound is a Dx technique for visualizing soft tissue, including tendons, muscles, joints, vessels, and internal organs, for possible pathology/lesions. Method U/S is the use of sound waves with a frequency too...
Group and hold
Group and hold (aka group and screen, G&S, or type and screen) are tests conducted prior to blood transfusion. [faq]What's group and hold? Tests done before a blood transfusion. What's a blood transfusion? Where you get...
Hemolytic anemia
Hemolytic anemia is anemia due to hemolysis, the abnormal breakdown of RBC's, either in the blood vessels (intravascular hemolysis), or elsewhere in the body (extravascular). Sx Similar to other forms of anemia,...
Acute pancreatitis
Acute pancreatitis (aka acute pancreatic necrosis) is a sudden inflammation of the pancreas. It can cause severe complications and high mortality despite treatment. Whilst mild cases are often successfully treated...
Tetanus
Tetanus (aka lockjaw) is an infection characterized by muscle spasms. [faq]Tetanus. That sounds a little bit like tabble tennis? It's an infection, which involves muscle spasms.[/faq] Sx In the most common type, the spasms...
Head circumference
Head circumference (HC, aka occipital frontal circumference OFC) is measurement of a child's head around its largest area, the distance from above the eyebrow/ears, and around the back of the head. [youtube]3YMJRsYNZDQ[/youtube] [faq]What...
Beta blocker
Beta blockers reduce blood pressure (antihypertensive) and heart rate. [faq]What are beta blockers? They're drugs used to reduce blood pressure, as well as heart rate. You diferentiated blood pressure from heart rate? Yep. You...
Abdominal examination
Abdominal examination assesses the abdomen. Method Ensure stomach has adequate exposure Nails: Leukonychia, of hypoalbuminemia of liver disease Koilonychia, of iron deficiency anemia Clubbing, via Schamroth’s window test, of liver disease Palm: Palmar erythema, of liver disease Palmar crease...
CTG
CTG (cardiotocography, from "cardio" meaning "heartbeat", "toco" meaning "uterine contractions", and "graphy" meaning "recording") is recording of the fetal heartbeat and uterine contractions during pregnancy, typically only in the 3rd...
Hyperinflation
Hyperinflation is where the lung volume is abnormally increased, indicating air trapping (i.e. retention of excess air in the lung's alveoli). Cause Airway obstruction (partial or complete), including: Asthma (mucus plugging) Bronchiolitis Bronchial atresia Congenital lobar...
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