CTG (cardiotocography, from "cardio" meaning "heartbeat", "toco" meaning "uterine contractions", and "graphy" meaning "recording") is recording of the fetal heartbeat and uterine contractions during pregnancy, typically only in the 3rd...
Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome
Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS, feto-fetal transfusion syndrome, twin oligohydramnios-polyhydramnios sequence) is a complication of disproportionate blood supply, resulting in high morbidity and mortality. It can affect monochrionic multiples (i.e. multiple...
Pap smear (short for Papanicolaou, also known as Cervical smear) is the screening for potentially pre-cancerous and cancerous processes in the cervix (i.e. opening of the uterus or womb), i.e....
Gonorrhea (aka the clap, gonococcal infection) is a bacterial STI.
Caused by N. gonorrhoeae
Can be asymptomatic (50%)
Traditionally, Dx with gram stain and culture. However, culture can still be...
Lithium salts are mood-stabilizing drugs.
Lithium carbonate, the most comonly prescribed
Lithium citrate, also used in conventional pharmacological Tx
Lithium orotate, presented as an alternative
Fell out of use in the 1940's when it...
Developmental delay (aka delayed milestone) is where a child doesn't reach 1 of the milestone stages at the expected age, which can be in one of the 4 developmental domains:
However, a wide...
Jugular venous pressure
Jugular venous pressure (JVP) is the indirectly observed pressure, over the venous system, as observed over the internal jugular vein. JVPNE/JVPNR is shorthand for JVP not elevated/raised.
[faq]What is JVP. And what...
Bleeding tendency (aka bleeding diathesis, bleeding predisposition, hemorrhagic diathesis) is unusual susceptibility to bleed/hemorrhage.
Hypocoagulability, mostly, in turn caused by a coagulopathy (i.e. a defect in the system of coagulation)
Leukonychia is white discoloration of the nail.
Harmless, most commonly caused by minor injuries whilst the nail is growing
Caused by hypoalbuminemia (low albumin), of chronic liver disease. In this instance, there...
Anticholinergics inhibits parasympathetics, by blocking the neurotransmitter acetylcholine [specifically, its binding to its receptor in neurons]. Parasympathetics are responsible for involuntary movement of smooth muscle present in the GI, urinary tract,...