Iron deficiency
Iron deficiency is the most common nutritional deficiency in the world. Pathophysiology Iron is present in all cells in the human body and has several vital functions, including carrying oxygen to the...
Mitral facies
Plum-red discoloration of the cheeks, associated with mitral stenosis, due to CO2 retention and its vasodilatory effects. [img]malar-flush.jpg[/img] Source: MyHealthyFeeling
Blood pressure
Blood pressure is pressure of arterial blood against the vessel wall. Mainly caused by the pumping action of the heart, and thus decreases further away from the heart. [faq]What is blood...
Growth chart
Growth charts are used by pediatricians to follow a child's growth over time. Method They compare specific measurements of a child compared with expected parameters of children of the same age/gender, including: Prenatal/intrauterine,...
Preterm birth
Preterm birth (aka premmies) is where a baby is born 34-36 weeks gestation. The cause of preterm birth is often unknown, but there are risk factors associated. TPL is short term for...
Cyst
Cyst is a nodule (non fluid-filled, 5-10mm) that has expressible material, such as liquid, semi-sold or solid material, inside. [img]cyst.jpg[/img] Classification Benign (dysfunction) tumors, due to plugged ducts or other natural body outlets...
Fragile X syndrome
Fragile X syndrome (FXS, aka Martin-Bell syndrome, Escalante's syndrome) is a genetic syndrome. Pathophysiology Expansion of the CGG triplet repeat, affecting the FMR1 (Fragile X mental retardation 1) gene on the X...
Corticosteroid
Corticosteroids are anti-inflammatory. Topical steroid is topical form of corticosteroid. Purpose Tx rash, eczema, dermatitis Tx asthma → reduce airway inflammation Antenatal corticosteroids → given to women expecting preterm delivery. It is used help the lungs of a premature...
Pulse
Pulse is measuring heart beat by palpating a peripheral artery by the fingertip (with the exception of using the thumb). Sometimes, there is delay, which is indicative of pathology. Method Pulses can...
Digoxin
Digoxin is used in the Tx of various heart conditions, by increasing heart contractility, and decreasing heart rate. Product names include Cardigox, Cardiogoxin, Cardioxin, Cardoxin, Coragoxine, Digacin, Digicor, Digomal, Digon, Digosin, Digoxine...
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