Pelvic exam
Pelvic exam is a physical exam of the female pelvic organs. Method External examination, including: Examination and palpate the vulva, perianal area, vaginal canal, for erythema, swelling, excoriation, rash, lesions, masses, trauma Examine for...
Antiviral
Antiviral are drugs used to Tx viral infections. Like antibiotics (for bacteria), specific antivirals can Tx specific viruses. Unlike most antibiotics, antivirals don't destroy the target pathogen, but rather inhibits their...
Pneumonia
Pneumonia is inflammation of the lung's alveoli (i.e. microscopic air sacs). Prognosis is that in the very young and very old, and chronically ill, pneumonia is a leading cause of...
Nappy rash
Nappy rash (aka irritant diaper dermatitis) are skin rashes that appear in the diaper area. Sx Joined patches of erythema and scaling mainly seen on the convex surfaces Central red, beefy erythema, with...
Obstructed labour
Obstructed labour (aka labour dystocia) is when, even though the uterus is contracting normally, the baby doesn't exit the pelvis during childbirth, due to being physically blocked. Cause Large or abnomally positioned...
Kidney disease
Kidney disease (aka nephropathy) is damage or disease of the kidney. Classification [[Nephrosis]], is non-inflammatory nephropathy [[Nephritis]], is inflammatory kidney disease Cause Deposition of the IgA antibodies in the glomerulus Administration of analgesics Xanthine oxidase deficieny Toxicity of...
Pulse
Pulse is measuring heart beat by palpating a peripheral artery by the fingertip (with the exception of using the thumb). Sometimes, there is delay, which is indicative of pathology. Method Pulses can...
HIV/AIDS
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is where the immune system progressively fails, allowing life threatening opportunistic infections/cancers. AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) refers to the Sx of the late stage. [faq]What's HIV? AIDS? Are they the...
Crackle
Crackles (aka crepitations, rales, from French "rale" meaning "rattle") are discontinuous crackling/clicking/rattling noises made by either/both lungs in Pt's with a respiratory disease. Sx Discontinuous, non-musical, and brief Much more common during inspiration than...
Warfarin
Warfarin is an anticoagulant. Examples include Coumadin. [img]warfarin.jpg[/img] Source: Bristol Labs Purpose Prevention of thrombosis (formation of blood clots) and thromboembolism (migration elsewhere) MOA Warfarin is a synthetic derivative of dicoumarol, a 4-hydroxycoumarin-derived mycotoxin anticoagulant Warfarin and related 4-hydroxycoumarin-containing...
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