Perineal tear
Perineal tear is an unintended laceration of the skin and other soft tissue structures separating the vagina from the anus. Tears vary in severity. [faq]What is a perineal tear? It's where as...
Vitamin K deficiency
Vitamin K deficiency is insufficient vitamin K1, K2, or both. Pathophysiology Vitamin K1 is synthesized by plants, and is the plant form of vitamin. Animals can convert it into vitamin K2, including...
Placental expulsion
Placental expulsion (aka afterbirth) occurs when the placenta comes out of the birth canal after childbirth. The 3rd stage of labor is the period from just after the baby is...
Bishop score
Bishop score (aka cervix score, cervical favorability) is a pre-labor scoring system. Cx is shorthand for cervix. [faq]What's the Bishop score? It's a way that we score how ready bub is ready to come out....
Enlarged uterus
Enlarged uterus (aka uterine hyperplasia) is where the volume and size of the uterus in a female, is abnormally high. Cause Adenomyosis Uterine fibroid Ovarian cyst Endometrial cancer
Renal artery stenosis
Renal artery stenosis is narrowing of 1 or both of the renal arteries (i.e. carry blood from the aorta to the kidneys). Cause Atherosclerosis Fibromuscular dysplasia Pathophysiology The narrowing of the renal artery can impede blood...
Jugular venous pressure
Jugular venous pressure (JVP) is the indirectly observed pressure, over the venous system, as observed over the internal jugular vein. JVPNE/JVPNR is shorthand for JVP not elevated/raised. [faq]What is JVP. And what...
Preterm birth
Preterm birth (aka premmies) is where a baby is born 34-36 weeks gestation. The cause of preterm birth is often unknown, but there are risk factors associated. TPL is short term for...
Fluid balance
Fluid balance is the calculation of input and output of fluids, to ensure that they are balanced. Otherwise, fluid is either being lost, or retained. Classification Input, should approximately total 2.5L/day, can occur...
Peripheral edema
Peripheral edema is edema (accumulation of fluid causing swelling) in tissue perfused by the peripheral vascular system, usually in the lower limbs. It is palpated at the lower limbs. [img]peripheral-edema.png[/img] Source: Cardiac Health Classification Dependent edema,...
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