Vascular occlusion
Vascular occlusion is a blockage of a blood vessel, including but not limited to blockage w/ a clot. Pathophysiology Relatively common in the retina, and can cause partial/total loss of vision Dx Doppler sonography Tx Embolization,...
Mitral facies
Plum-red discoloration of the cheeks, associated with mitral stenosis, due to CO2 retention and its vasodilatory effects. [img]malar-flush.jpg[/img] Source: MyHealthyFeeling
Breastfeeding
Breastfeeding is the feeding of an infant with milk produced by the female breast via lactation. Babies have a primitive sucking reflex that when anything touches the roof of their...
IV cannulation
IV cannulation (IVC, aka peripheral venous catheter) is the insertion of a cannula into a vein. Arterial cannulation is a variation involving insertion into an artery (commonly the radial artery) to...
Immunization
Immunization is the process by which a Pt's immune system becomes fortified against a perpetrating immunogen. IUTD is a Medical abbreviation for Immunizations Up To Date, and UTD is an abbreviation for Up...
Quinolone
Quinolone are synthetic broad-spectrum antibiotics. MOA Quinolones and its derivatives have also been isolated from natural sources, e.g. plants, animals, bacteria, and can act as natural antimicrobials or signalling molecules It exerts its...
Crackle
Crackles (aka crepitations, rales, from French "rale" meaning "rattle") are discontinuous crackling/clicking/rattling noises made by either/both lungs in Pt's with a respiratory disease. Sx Discontinuous, non-musical, and brief Much more common during inspiration than...
Trauma
[Major] trauma is any injury that has the potential to cause prolonged disability or death. Cause Blunt and penetrating Falls, MVA's, and gunshot wounds Classification Classified by body area: Polytrauma (aka multiple trauma) (40%), injuries affecting multiple...
Urine
Urine is a liquid by-product of the body, secreted by the kidneys through a process called urination/micturation, and ecreted through the urethra. Characteristics Quantity, which is normally 1.4L, ranging from 0.6-2.6L per...
Gravidity and parity
Gravidity and parity (G/P/A) are terms relating to pregnancy. Definition It is the number of times a female has: Gravidity means having been pregnant, regardless of whether it has been brought to viability (yet alone...
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