Cyst
Cyst is a nodule (non fluid-filled, 5-10mm) that has expressible material, such as liquid, semi-sold or solid material, inside. [img]cyst.jpg[/img] Classification Benign (dysfunction) tumors, due to plugged ducts or other natural body outlets...
Tracheitis
Tracheitis is a bacterial infection of the trachea/windpipe. Sx SOB Stridor Intercostal retraction Flu-like Sx (high fever, deep cough) Pathophysiology Most often caused by the bacteria Staph aureus Often follows a recent viral URTI Mostlya ffects young kids since...
Dopamine agonist
Dopamine agonist is a compound that activates doapmine receptors, in the absence of that receptor's physiological ligand, the neurotransmitter ldopamine. It activates signalling pathways through the dopamine receptor and trimeric...
Measles
Measles (aka morbilli, rubeola) is a highly contagious infection caused by the measles virus. [faq]What is measles? It's a very contagious infection. It's caused by the measles virus.[/faq] Sx Sx develop 10-12 days after...
Observation chart
Observation chart (obs chart) is a chart used to quickly determine the degree of illness of a Pt. Being between the flags (aka early warning score, EWS) means that the observations are...
Crackle
Crackles (aka crepitations, rales, from French "rale" meaning "rattle") are discontinuous crackling/clicking/rattling noises made by either/both lungs in Pt's with a respiratory disease. Sx Discontinuous, non-musical, and brief Much more common during inspiration than...
Upper limb examination
Upper limb examination assesses the neurological function of the upper limbs. ROM is an abbreviation for Range of Motion. UL is an abbreviation for Upper limb. Method Remember with the mnemonic “The Powerful...
Health care
Health care is the Dx, Tx, and prevention of disease (also illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments). Classification Primary care, who act as first point of consultation for all Pt's...
Antimicrobial
Antimicrobial is an agent that kills microorganisms, or inhibits their growth. Categories Antimicrobials can be either: Microbicidal, which kill microbes Microbiostatic, which inhibit their growth Antimicrobials are grouped according to the microorganisms they act primarily...
Hypoalbuminemia
Hypoalbuminemia is where blood levels of albumin are abnormally low. Pathophysiology Albumin is a major protein in the body, making up 55-60% of total human plasma protein by mass Many hormones, drugs, and...
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