Pelvic exam is a physical exam of the female pelvic organs.
External examination, including:
Examination and palpate the vulva, perianal area, vaginal canal, for erythema, swelling, excoriation, rash, lesions, masses, trauma
Antiviral are drugs used to Tx viral infections. Like antibiotics (for bacteria), specific antivirals can Tx specific viruses. Unlike most antibiotics, antivirals don't destroy the target pathogen, but rather inhibits their...
Pneumonia is inflammation of the lung's alveoli (i.e. microscopic air sacs). Prognosis is that in the very young and very old, and chronically ill, pneumonia is a leading cause of...
Nappy rash (aka irritant diaper dermatitis) are skin rashes that appear in the diaper area.
Joined patches of erythema and scaling mainly seen on the convex surfaces
Central red, beefy erythema, with...
Obstructed labour (aka labour dystocia) is when, even though the uterus is contracting normally, the baby doesn't exit the pelvis during childbirth, due to being physically blocked.
Large or abnomally positioned...
Kidney disease (aka nephropathy) is damage or disease of the kidney.
[[Nephrosis]], is non-inflammatory nephropathy
[[Nephritis]], is inflammatory kidney disease
Deposition of the IgA antibodies in the glomerulus
Administration of analgesics
Xanthine oxidase deficieny
Pulse is measuring heart beat by palpating a peripheral artery by the fingertip (with the exception of using the thumb). Sometimes, there is delay, which is indicative of pathology.
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is where the immune system progressively fails, allowing life threatening opportunistic infections/cancers. AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) refers to the Sx of the late stage.
[faq]What's HIV? AIDS? Are they the...
Crackles (aka crepitations, rales, from French "rale" meaning "rattle") are discontinuous crackling/clicking/rattling noises made by either/both lungs in Pt's with a respiratory disease.
Discontinuous, non-musical, and brief
Much more common during inspiration than...
Warfarin is an anticoagulant. Examples include Coumadin.
Source: Bristol Labs
Prevention of thrombosis (formation of blood clots) and thromboembolism (migration elsewhere)
Warfarin is a synthetic derivative of dicoumarol, a 4-hydroxycoumarin-derived mycotoxin anticoagulant
Warfarin and related 4-hydroxycoumarin-containing...