Definition of "Epilepsy syndrome"

Last modified: 1 day



Epilepsy syndromes are specific features that are present. These features include the age at which seizures begin, the seizure types, and EEG findings, among others. Identifying an epilepsy syndrome is useful as it helps determine the underlying causes as well as what AED should be tried.

Classification
  • Autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy
  • Rolandic epilepsy (aka benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes)
  • Benign occipital epilepsy of childhood
  • Childhood absence epilepsy
  • Dravet's syndrome
  • Epilepsy in females with mental retardation
  • Febrile infection-related epilepsy syndrome
  • Frontal lobe epilepsy
  • Interictal dysphoric disorder
  • Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (aka Janz syndrome), a common idiopathic generalized epilepsy, representing 8% of all epilepsy cases. It typically 1st manifestst itself between 12-18yo, with brief episodes of involuntary muscle twitching occurring early in the morning. Most patients also have generalized seizures that affect the entire brain, and many also have absence seizures. There are at least 6 loci for the disease, with known causative genes. Most of these genes are ion channels, or affect ion channel currents
  • Lennox-Gastaut syndrome
  • Ohtahara syndrome
  • Reflex epilepsy
  • Progressive myoclonic epilepsis
  • Rasmussen's encephalitis
  • Ring chromosome 20 syndrome
  • Temporal lobe epilepsy
  • Tuberous sclerosis
  • West syndrome
  • Myoclonic astatic epilepsy (aka Doose syndrome) is a generalized idiopathic epilepsy. It involves development of myoclonic seizures and/or myoclonic astatic seizures

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Definition of Epilepsy syndrome | Autoprac


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