Definition of "Cardiovascular disease"

Last modified: 13 hours



Cardiovascular disease (aka heart disease) are diseases involving the heart, kidney, and peripheral arterial diseases.

Classification
  • Coronary artery disease/Ischemic heart disease
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Hypertensive heart disease
  • Heart failure
  • Pulmonary heart disease
  • Cardiac arrhythmias
  • Inflammatory heart disease (endocarditis, myocardis, inflammatory cardiomegaly)
  • Valvular heart disease
  • Cerebrovascular disease
  • Peripheral arterial disease
  • Ceongenital heart disease
  • Rheumatic heart disease
Causes
  • Atherosclerosis and hypertension, the most common causes
  • Old age, which causes physiological and morphological changes
Epidemiology
  • Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death worldwide
  • Incidence has declined in high income countries, and increased in non-high income countries
Tx

Atherosclerosis begins in early life, so should be prevented since childhood. Risk factors can be modified, including:

  • Healthy eating
  • Exercise
  • Avoidance of smoking tobacco

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Definition of Cardiovascular disease | Autoprac


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